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CISG CASE PRESENTATION

Argentina 15 March 1991 Appellate Court (Qûilmes Combustibles v. Vigan)
[Cite as: http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/910315a1.html]

Primary source(s) for case presentation: Michael R. Will; UNCITRAL abstract


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Case identification

DATE OF DECISION: 19910315 (15 March 1991)

JURISDICTION: Argentina

TRIBUNAL: Cámara Nacional de Apelaciones en lo Comercial [Second Instance Court of Appeal]

JUDGE(S): H.M. Di Tella.-B.Caviglione Fraga/Fiscal de Cámara: Raúlo Calle Guevara

CASE NUMBER/DOCKET NUMBER: 44.786

CASE NAME: Qûilmes Combustibles S.A. v. Vigan S.A.

CASE HISTORY: 1st instance Trib. Buenos Aires 20 October 1989 [affirmed]

SELLER'S COUNTRY: Argentina (defendant)

BUYER'S COUNTRY: Belgium (plaintiff)

GOODS INVOLVED: Filling machines


Case abstract

ARGENTINA: Cámara Nacional de Apelaciones en lo Comercial 15 March 1991

Case law on UNCITRAL texts (CLOUT) abstract no. 22

Reproduced with permission from UNCITRAL

In an action for late performance of a sales contract, which contained a jurisdiction clause, it was considered that CISG was not applicable. The contract had been concluded on a date preceding the entry into force of CISG (Article 100 CISG).

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Classification of issues present

APPLICATION OF CISG: No

APPLICABLE CISG PROVISIONS AND ISSUES

Key CISG provisions at issue: Article 100

Classification of issues using UNCITRAL classification code numbers:

100B1 [Applicability based on date of contract]

Descriptors: Applicability

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Editorial remarks

Excerpt from Larry A. DiMatteo et al., 34 Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business (Winter 2004) 299-440 at n.295

"Two cases from Argentina upheld forum selection clauses in standard forms, but the rationale employed by the courts regarding the CISG is not clear. In one case, an Argentine buyer maintained that a forum selection clause was invalid because it was written in a foreign language on the back of the seller's invoice. See Cámara Nacional de Apelaciones en lo Comercial [Second Instance Court of Appeal] [CN], Division C, 44.786, Mar. 15, 1991 (Arg.), ... The trial court found that the clause was part of the agreement. On appeal, the buyer argued that Argentine law required express written acceptance of such provisions. The appellate court, however, stated that forum selection clauses are valid even if contained in a standard form, under the law of Argentina, unless there is a disparity of bargaining power between the parties. Id. A subsequent case in Argentina reached the same result. In that case, however, a Procurator noted that Article 4 of the CISG excludes questions of validity and decided the validity of the case according to the lex fori, referring to the CISG only for further support that the clause was enforceable. See Cámara Nacional de Apelaciones en lo Comercial [Second Instance Court of Appeal], Div. E., 45.626, Oct. 14, 1993, available at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/931014a1.html>. According to one commentator, Article 4, which states that validity issues are beyond the scope of the Convention, and Article 81(1), which "provides a clause for the settlement of disputes with a certain degree of autonomy vis-à-vis the other contractual terms," should have steered the Argentine tribunals away from considering the CISG in these cases. See Garro, Recent Developments, supra note 120, at 236 (maintaining that neither the Quilmes nor the Inta decision addressed whether a contract was validly concluded under Article 19 of the CISG as the forum selection clause was a material alteration of the offer)."

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Citations to other abstracts, case texts and commentaries

CITATIONS TO OTHER ABSTRACTS OF DECISION

English: Unilex database <http://www.unilex.info/case.cfm?pid=1&do=case&id=28&step=Abstract>

Italian: Diritto del Commercio Internazionale 1994, 850 No. 30

Spanish: CISG-Spain and Latin America database at http://www.uc3m.es/uc3m/dpto/PR/dppr03/cisg/rargen2.htm

CITATIONS TO TEXT OF DECISION

Original language (Spanish): CISG-Spain and Latin America database at http://www.uc3m.es/uc3m/dpto/PR/dppr03/cisg/sargen2.htm; El Derecho 150 (1993) 307-316; Revista de Derecho Bancario y de la Actividad Financiera (1991) 626-630; Unilex database <http://www.unilex.info/case.cfm?pid=1&do=case&id=28&step=FullText>

Translation: Unavailable

CITATIONS TO COMMENTS ON DECISION

English: Garro, 17 Journal of Law & Commerce (1998) 219-244 [the analysis of Quilmes Combustibles v. Vigan is presented at pages 233-235 of this commentary]

German: Piltz, Neue Juristische Wochenschrift 1994, 1101

Spanish: Radzyminski, Los clausolas de eleccion de foro insertas en contratos "internacionales," El Derecho (1993) 305-319

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Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated September 24, 2004
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