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CISG CASE PRESENTATION

Belgium 21 January 1997 District Court Hasselt (Epsilon v. Interneon)
[Cite as: http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/970121b1.html]

Primary source(s) for case presentation: CISG-Belgium database of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

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Case identification

DATE OF DECISION: 19970121 (21 January 1997)

JURISDICTION: Belgium

TRIBUNAL: Rechtbank [District Court] van koophandel Hasselt

JUDGE(S): Beerten [presiding]; Pinxten, Swartele (rechters in handelszaken); Bours (griffier)

CASE NUMBER/DOCKET NUMBER: A.R. 1972/96

CASE NAME: Epsilon BVBA v. Interneon Valkenswaard BV

CASE HISTORY: Unavailable

SELLER'S COUNTRY: Belgium (plaintiff)

BUYER'S COUNTRY: Netherlands (defendant)

GOODS INVOLVED: Neon advertising signs


Case outline

Reproduced with permission from CISG-Belgium database of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Application of the CISG - Rules of Private International Law of the forum referring to law of Contracting State (Article 1(1)(b)) - Convention on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Hague Conference, June 15, 1955)

Temporal applicability of CISG - Article 100 CISG - In respect of formation of contract - Court refuses to choose between applicability of CISG and applicability of Uniform Sales Law of 1964

Place of payment of price - Article 57 CISG - Seller’s place of business

Buyer’s obligation to give seller notice of lack of conformity of goods - Article 39 CISG - Time of notice - Within reasonable time - Notice 4 months after delivery - Notice out of time

Interest - Article 78 CISG - Interest rate - Rate determines in standard terms of one party

Right to claim damages - Article 74 CISG - Liquidated damages clause - Invalid according to applicable national law

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Classification of issues present

APPLICATION OF CISG: Court stated immaterial whether CISG [Article 1(1)(b)] or ULIS applied

APPLICABLE CISG PROVISIONS AND ISSUES

Key CISG provisions at issue: Articles 4 ; 39(1) ; 57(1)(a) ; 78 [Also cited: Articles 74 ; 100 ]

Classification of issues using UNCITRAL classification code numbers:

4B [Issues excluded: penalty clauses (validity under domestic law];

39A Requirement to notify seller of lack of conformity: buyer must notify seller within reasonable time (more than four months not a reasonable time];

57A [Place for payment: in absence of agreement, payment at seller's place of business];

78B [Interest on delay in receiving price: rate of interest]

Descriptors: Payment, place of ; Jurisdiction ; Lack of conformity notice, timeliness ; Interest ; Scope of Convention ; Validity ; Penalty clauses

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Editorial remarks

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Citations to case abstracts, texts, and commentaries

CITATIONS TO ABSTRACTS OF DECISION

(a) UNCITRAL abstract: Unavailable

(b) Other abstracts

English: Unilex database <http://www.unilex.info/case.cfm?pid=1&do=case&id=262&step=Abstract>

CITATIONS TO TEXT OF DECISION

Original language (Dutch): CISG-Belgium database of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven <http://www.law.kuleuven.ac.be/ipr/eng/cases/1997-01-21.html>; Unilex database <http://www.unilex.info/case.cfm?pid=1&do=case&id=262&step=FullText>

Translation: Unavailable

CITATIONS TO COMMENTS ON DECISION

Dutch: Erauw, [1998] Tijdschrift voor Privaatrecht (TvP 35) 1369 [1517 No. 260, 1522 Nos. 263, 264]

English: Liu Chengwei, Recovery of interest (November 2003) n.270; Larry A. DiMatteo et al., 34 Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business (Winter 2004) 299-440 at n.369 (notice of lack of conformity); CISG-AC advisory opinion on Examination of the Goods and Notice of Non-Conformity [7 June 2004] (this case and related cases cited in addendum to opinion); [2004] S.A. Kruisinga, (Non-)conformity in the 1980 UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: a uniform concept?, Intersentia at 181; Article 78 and rate of interest: Mazzotta, Endless disagreement among commentators, much less among courts (2004) [citing this case and 275 other court and arbitral rulings]; [2005] Schlechtriem & Schwenzer ed., Commentary on UN Convention on International Sale of Goods, 2d (English) ed., Oxford University Press, Art. 39 para. 15 Art. 74 para. 49

French: Papandréou-Deterville, Recueil Dalloz (1998) 312

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Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated August 5, 2005
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