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CISG CASE PRESENTATION

Spain 3 March 1997 Supreme Court (Tana v. Naviera del O. v. Iberica)
[Cite as: http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/970303s4.html]

Primary source(s) for this case presentation: Pilar Perales Viscasillas; text of case


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Case identification

DATE OF DECISION: 19970303 (3 March 1997)

JURISDICTION: Spain

TRIBUNAL: Tribunal Supremo [Supreme Court]

JUDGE (S): Almagro Nosete, Villagómez Rodil, O'Callaghan Muñoz

CASE NUMBER/DOCKET NUMBER: 3.766

CASE NAME: Tana, S.A. v. Naviera del O. S.A. v. S.L. Iberica, S.A.

CASE HISTORY: 1st instance Juzgado de Primera Instancia [JPI] No. 18 (Madrid) 20 February 1990 [affirmed]; 2d instance Audiencia Provincial [AP] Secc. 21 (Madrid) 12 January 1993 (838/1993) [affirmed]

SELLER'S COUNTRY: Spain (plaintiff)

BUYER'S COUNTRY: U.S.A. [defendant was the transportation company, not the buyer (Affiliated Food Corporation (EEUU))]

GOODS INVOLVED: Lemons


Case abstract

Spain: Tribunal Suprema 3 March 1997

Case law on UNCITRAL texts (CLOUT) abstract no. 188

Reproduced with permission from UNCITRAL

Prior to 1990, a Spanish company, the seller, concluded with a USA company, the buyer, successive FOB contracts for the sale of lemons. As a consequence of the breach by the buyer of its duty to pay the purchase price agreed upon, the seller made a series of joint claims for the unpaid amounts against the buyer and the sea carrier, which had been charged with the transportation of the goods. The court noted that the CISG did not become part of Spanish law until after the dispute arose between the parties. Accordingly and in view of the interpretation of articles 99(2) and 100(2) CISG, the court held that the CISG was not applicable to the dispute, which arose from a contract for the sale of goods concluded prior to the entry into force of the CISG in Spain.

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Classification of issues present

APPLICATION OF CISG: No [Article 100]

APPLICABLE CISG PROVISIONS AND ISSUES

Key CISG provisions at issue: Article 100

Classification of issues using UNCITRAL classification code numbers:

100B1 [Applicability based on date of contract]

Descriptors: Applicability

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Editorial remarks

EDITOR: Pilar Perales Viscasillas

The CISG was held inapplicable as the contract was concluded prior to its effective date. The sole references to the CISG in the opinion read: "Denuncia la recurrente (art. 1692.4 LEC) la infracción por interpretación errónea de los arts. 338 y 339 CCom. en relación con la Convención de Viena a la que España se ha adherido por instrumento publicado en el BOE De 30 Ene. 1991 . . . Mas las pretendidas infracciones que se arguyen no resultan atendibles, ya que excluida la invocada Convención de Viena, que no se integró en el ordenamiento jurídico español (art. 1.5 CC) hasta el día 30 Ene. 1991, es decir, con posterioridad al nacimiento de la relación jurídica litigiosa . . ."

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Citations to other abstracts, case texts and commentaries

CITATIONS TO OTHER ABSTRACTS OF DECISION

English: Unilex database <http://www.unilex.info/case.cfm?pid=1&do=case&id=242&step=Abstract>

Spanish: CISG-Spain and Latin America database at http://www.uc3m.es/cisg/respan1.htm

CITATIONS TO TEXT OF DECISION

Original language (Spanish): CISG-Spain and Latin America database at http://www.uc3m.es/cisg/sespan1.htm; [1997] Aranzadi No. 1638; [1997] 13 Revista de la Corte Española de arbitrage 259-264; La Ley (7 April 1997) 9-12; Unilex database [excerpt] <http://www.unilex.info/case.cfm?pid=1&do=case&id=242&step=FullText>

Translation: Unavailable

CITATIONS TO COMMENTS ON DECISION

Spanish: Illescas, Derecho de los Negocios (June 1997) 87-89; Martínez Cañellas, in: Michael R. Will ed., Rudolf Meyer zum Abschied: Dialog Deutschland-Schweiz VII (1999), 165-183 n.28

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Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated September 3, 2002
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