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Excerpt from John O. Honnold, Uniform Law for International Sales under the 1980 United Nations Convention, 3rd ed. (1999), pages 538. Reproduced with permission of the publisher, Kluwer Law International, The Hague.

Article 94

States with the Same or Closely Related Law

The Nordic States have a long and successful history of cooperation in developing the same or similar laws for sales of goods and many other subjects. Article 94 authorizes such States to declare that the Convention will not apply to contracts between parties who "have their places of business in those States". Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, in ratifying the Convention, have made the declaration authorized by Article 94.[17]

FOOTNOTES: Chapter on Final Provisions


17. These declarations also stated that the Convention will not apply when one party has its place of business in one of these four States and the other party’s place of business is in Iceland.


Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated March 2, 2005