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Published in J. Herbots editor / R. Blanpain general editor, International Encyclopaedia of Laws - Contracts, Suppl. 29 (December 2000) 1-192. Reproduced with permission of the publisher Kluwer Law International, The Hague.

[For more current case annotated texts by this author, see Bernstein & Lookofsky, Understanding the CISG in Europe, 2d ed. (2003) and Lookofsky, Understanding the CISG in the USA, 2d ed. (2004).]

excerpt from

The 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts
for the International Sale of Goods

Joseph Lookofsky

Article 24
Declaration of Intention: Definition of ‘Reach’

133. Part II of the Convention concludes with Article 24 which defines the point in time at which a declaration of intention (offer, acceptance, etc.) is considered to 'reach'[1] the addressee:

'For the purposes of this part of the Convention, an offer, declaration of acceptance or any other indication of intention reaches the addressee when it is made orally to him or delivered by any other means to him personally, to his place of business or mailing address or, if he does not have a place of business or mailing address, to his habitual residence.'

1. The definition of this term has significance in relation to Articles 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21 and 22. [page 77]

Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated April 4, 2005