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Impossibility of Performance and
Other Excuses in International Trade

Tom Southerington
 Turku 2001


Index of authorities
Official travaux préparatoires
Unpublished
Internet
Table of cases

INDEX OF AUTHORITIES

Adlercreutz, Axel (1991): Avtalsrätt II.3rd ed. Lund. Atiyah, P. S. (1995a): An introduction to the law of contract. 5th ed. Oxford. Atiyah, P. S. (1995b): The sale of goods. 9th ed. Glasgow. Aurejärvi, Erkki (1988): Velvoiteoikeuden oppikirja. Helsinki.

Bayles, Michael D. (1987): Principles of law. A normative analysis. Dordrecht.
Berg, Alan (1995): The detailed drafting of a force majeure clause. In McEndrick, Ewan (ed.)1995: Force majeure and frustration of contract. 2nd ed. London. p. 63-120.
Bonell, Michael J. (1996): The UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts and the Principles of European Contract Law: similar rules for the same purposes? 26 Uniform Law Review (1996). p. 229-246. Available on the internet: Virhe. Kirjanmerkkiä ei ole määritetty. Printed on 8.11.1997.

Cheshire, Fifoot & Furmston (1991): Law of contract. 12th ed. London.
Chitty, Joseph (1983): Chitty on contracts. Volume II: Specific contracts. 25th ed. edited by Guest A. G. et al. London.
Collins, Hugh (1993): The law of contract. 2nd ed. London.

Farnswoth Allan E. (1979): Damages and specific relief. 27 American Journal of Comparative Law (1979). p. 247-253.
Ferrari, Franco (1995): Uniform law of international sales: issues of applicability and private international law 15 Journal of Law and Commerce (1995). p. 159-174. Available on the internet: <
http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/ferr1.html>.
Fitzgerald, John (1997): CISG, specific performance, and the civil law of Louisiana and Quebec 16 Journal of Law and Commerce (1997). p. 291-313. Available on the internet: <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/1fitz.html>. Printed on 7.11.1997.
Flechtner, Harry M. (1988): Remedies under the new international sales convention: The perspective from Article 2 of the U.C.C. 8 Journal of Law and Commerce (1988). p. 53-108. Available on the internet: <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/flecht.html>. Printed on 28.4.1999.
Furmston, Michael (1995): Drafting of force majeure clauses – some general guidelines. In McEndrick, Ewan (ed.) 1995: Force majeure and frustration of contract. 2nd ed. London. p. 57-62.

Godenhielm, Berndt (1954): Om säljarens bundenhet under ändrade förhållanden. Helsinki.

Hellner, Jan (1993b): Speciell Avtalsrätt II. Kontraktsrätt. 2 häftet. Allmänna ämnen. 2nd ed. Stockholm.
Hemmo, Mika (1997): Sopimusoikeus I. Helsinki. (Hemmo I).
Hemmo, Mika (1997): Sopimusoikeus II. Helsinki. (Hemmo II).
Hillman, Robert A (1995): Cross-reference and editorial analysis. Article 7. Available on the internet: <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cisg/text/hillman.html>. Printed on 8.11.1997.
Honnold, John (1991): Uniform law for international sales under the 1980 United Nations Convention. 2nd ed. Deventer.
Huber, Ulrich (1998): Article 46. In Schlechtriem, Peter (ed.) 1998: Commentary on the UN conventions on the international sale of goods (CISG). 2nd ed. Oxford. p. 375-393.
Husa, Jaakko (1998): Johdatus oikeusvertailuun. Helsinki.

Kastely, Amy (1988): The right to require performance in international sales: towards an international interpretation of the Vienna Convention. Washington Law Review. p. 607-651. Available on the internet: <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/kastely1.html>. Printed on 6.4.1999.
Koneru, Phanesh (1997): The international interpretation of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: an approach based on general principles. 6 Minnesota Journal of Global Trade (1997). p. 105-152. Available on the internet: <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/koneru.html>. Printed on 22.10.1997.
Koskelo, Pauliine (1990): Säljarens ansvar för leverantörer och andra medhjälpare. JFT 1990. p. 294-313.
Kritzer, Albert (1994): International contract manual. Guide to practical applications of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. Supplement 10. Deventer.

Lando, Ole; Beale, Hugh (eds.) (1995): The Principles of European Contract Law. Part I: Performance, nonperformance and remedies. Dordrecht.
Lookofsky, Joseph (1996): Understanding the CISG in Scandinavia. Copenhagen.

McEndrick, Ewan (1995): Force majeure and frustration – their relationship and comparative assessment. In McEndrick, Ewan (ed.) 1995: Force majeure and frustration of contract. 2nd ed. London. p. 33-54.
Mestad, Ola (1991): Om force majeure og risikofordeling i kontrakt. Oslo.

Nicholas, Barry (1979): Force majeure and frustration. 27 American Journal of Comparative Law (1979). p. 231-245. Available on the internet: <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/nicholas.html>.
Nicholas, Barry (1995): Force majeure in French law. In McEndrick, Ewan (ed.) 1995: Force majeure and frustration of contract. 2nd ed. London. p. 21-31.
Nystén-Haarala, Soili (1998): The long-term contract. Contract law and contracting. Helsinki.

Pöyhönen, Juha (1993): Contracts and torts. In: Pöyhönen, Juha (ed.): An introduction to Finnish law. Helsinki.
Pöyhönen, Juha (1993): Sopimuksen kohtuuttomuus anglo-amerikkalaisissa sopimusjärjestelmissä. In Oikeustiede, jurisprudentia XXVI. p. 205-291.

Ramberg, Jan (1989): Allmän avtalsrätt. 2nd ed. Stockholm.
Ramberg, Jan (1995): Köplagen. Göteborg.
Routamo, Eero (1996): Kaupan lait. Kotimainen ja kansainvälinen irtaimen kauppa. Helsinki.
Routamo, Eero; Ramberg, Jan (1997): Kauppalain kommentaari. Helsinki.
Rudanko, Matti (1988): Ostajan velvollisuudet ja sopimusrikkomus kauppalain mukaan. LM 1/1988, s. 24-50.

Saarnilehto, Ari (1996): Sopimusoikeuden perusteet. 4th ed. Helsinki.
Schlechtriem, Peter, (1986): Uniform sales law. The UN-convention on contracts for the international sale of goods. Vienna.
Schmitthoff, Clive M. (1986): Schmitthoff's export trade. The law and practice of international trade. 8th ed. London.
Sevón, Leif (1988): Kauppalaki ja YK:n yleissopimus kansainvälistä tavaran kauppaa koskevista sopimuksista. LM 1/1988. p. 1-16.
Sevón, Leif; Wilhelmsson, Thomas; Koskelo, Pauliine (1987): Kauppalain pääkohdat. Helsinki.
Stoll, Hans 1998: Article 79. In Schlechtriem, Peter (ed.) (1998): Commentary on the UN convention on the international sale of goods (CISG). 2nd ed. Oxford. p. 600-626.
Swadling, William (1995): The judicial construction of force majeure clauses. In McEndrick, Ewan: Force majeure and frustration of contract. 2nd ed. London. p. 3-19.

Tallon, Denis (1987): Article 79 – Exemptions. In Bianca, C. M. and Bonell, M. J. (eds.): Commentary on the international sales law. The 1980 Vienna sales convention. Milan. p. 572-595.
Taxell, Lars Erik (1972): Avtal och rättsskydd. Turku.
Taxell, Lars Erik (1993): Skadestånd vid avtalsbrott. Turku.
Tillotsson, John (1995): Contract law in perspective. 3rd ed. London.
Treitel, G. H. (1994): Frustration and force majeure. London.
Treitel, G. H. (1995): The law of contract. 9th ed. London.

UNIDROIT Principles (1994): UNIDROIT, Principles of International Commercial Contracts. Rome.

Vihma, Väinö (1956): Suorituksen mahdottomuus varallisuusoikeudellisessa sopimussuhteessa. Vammala.

Weitzmann, Todd (1997): Validity and excuse in the U.N. Sales Convention. 16 Journal of Law and Commerce (1997). p. 265-290.
Wilhelmsson, Thomas; Sevón, Leif; Koskelo, Pauliine (1998): Huvudpunkter i köplagen. Helsinki.

Ämmälä, Tuula (1993): Sopimuksen pätemättömyyden korjaantumisesta. Oikeustoimilain pätemättömyysperusteita koskeva tutkimus. Jyväskylä.

Official travaux préparatoires

HE 93/1986 vp. Hallituksen esitys Eduskunnalle kauppalaiksi.
HE 198/1986 vp. Hallituksen esitys Eduskunnalle kansainvälistä tavaran kauppaa koskevista sopimuksista tehdyn yleissopimuksen eräiden määräysten hyväksymisestä.

Unpublished

Carlsen, Anja (1998): Can the hardship provisions in the UNIDROIT Principles be applied when the CISG is the governing law? Available on the internet: <http://cisg3.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/carlsen.html>. Printed on 6.4.1999.

Kagayama, Shigeru (1995): A Comparative Study of the Japanese Civil Code and CISG. Available on the internet: <http://www.law.osaka-u.ac.jp/~kagayama/Expert/Civ-CISG/CivCISG.html>.

Kozlov, Victor B. (1996): The new Russian Civil Code of 1994. Rome. Available on the internet: <http://cnr.it/CRDCS/kozlow.htm>. Printed on 28.4.1999.

Perillo, Joseph (1996): Hardship and its impact on contractual obligations: a comparative analysis. Rome. Available on the internet: <http://www.cnr.it/CRDCS/perillo.htm>. Printed on 31.10.1998.

Ämmälä Tuula (1999): Vahingonkorvaus ja ylivoimainen este kansainvälisessä kaupassa. Lecture on 17.3.1999 as part of lectures for continuous education: kansainvälisen kaupan erityiskysymyksiä.

Internet

Principles of European Contract Law. <http://www.ufsia.ac.be/~estorme/PECL2en.html>. Visited on 28.4.1999. (EU Principles).

Secretariat Commentary, guide to Article 79. <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cisg/text/secomm/secomm-79.html>. Printed on 30.10.1998.

Table of Cases

Asfar & Co. v. Blundell (1896) 1 Q.B. 123.

Blackburn Bobbin Co. Ltd. v. T. W. Allen Ltd. (1918) 2 K.B. 467.
Brewster v. Kitchell (1961) 1 Salk. 198.
British Movietonenews Ltd. v. London and District Cinemas (1952) A.C. 166.

Congimex Companhia geral, etc., S.A.R.L. v. Tradas Export S.A. (1983) 1 Lloyd's Rep 250.

Davis Contractors Ltd. v. Fareham U.D.C. (1956) A.C. 696.
Denny, Mott & Dickson v. James B. Frase & Co. Ltd. (1944) A.C. 265.

ECJ, C-124/92, ECR 1993, p. I-5061.
ECJ, C-335/87, ECR 1990, p. I-2875.
ECJ, Case 296/86, ECR 1988, p. 1491.
ECJ, Case 70/86, ECR 1987, p. 3545.
ECJ, Case 266/84, ECR 1986, p. 149.
ECJ, Case 20/84, ECR 1985, p. 2061.
ECJ, Case 224/83, ECR 1984, p. 2349.
ECJ, Joined cases 98/83 and 230/83, ECR 1984, p. 3763.
ECJ, Case 284/82, ECR 1984, p. 557.
ECJ, Joined cases 154, 205, 206, 226 to 228, 263 and 264/78, 39, 31, 83 and 85/79. ECR 1980, p. 907.
ECJ, Case 154/78, ECR 1980, p. 907.
ECJ, Case 158-73, ECR 1974, p. 101.
ECJ, Case 4-68, ECR 1968, p. 549.

Forrer v. Nash (1865) 35 Beav. 167, 171.

H R Sainsbury v. Street (1972) W.L.R. 834.
Hirji Mulji v. Cheong Yue SS Co (1926) A.C. 497.
Howell v. Coupland (1976) 1 Q.B.D. 258.

Jackson v. Union Marine Insurance Co. Ltd. (1874) L.R. 10 C.P. 125.
Joseph Constantine SS. Co. v. Imperial Smelting Corp. Ltd. (1942) A.C. 154.

KKO 1944 II 131.
KKO 1982 II 141.
KKO 1990:138.
KKO 1990:171.
Krell v. Henry (1903) 2 K.B. 740.

Nicholl & Knight v. Ashton Edridge & Co. (1901) 2 K.B. 126.
Nuova Fucinati S.p.a. v. Fondametall International A.B. Italy 29.3.1993. Tribunale Civile di Monza. Cited at: <
http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/930329i3.html>.

Paradine v. Jane (1647) Aleyn 26.
Parker v. Arthur Murray Inc. 295 N.E. 2d 487 (1973).

Re Badishe Co Ltd (1921) 2 Ch 331.
Russia 16.3.1995. Arbitration proceeding 155/1994. Tribunal of International Commercial Arbitration at the Russian Federation Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Cited at: <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/950316r1.html>.
Russia 17.10.1995. Arbitration proceeding 123/1992.Tribunal of International Commercial Arbitration at the Russian Federation Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Cited at: <http://cisgw3.pace.law.edu/cisg/cases/951917r1.html>.
Russia 16.2.1998. High Arbitration Court of Russia Federation: Information letter 29. Cited at: <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/980216r1.html>.

Tamplin SS. Co. v. Anglo-Mexican Petroleum Co. (1916) 2 A.C. 397.
Taylor v. Caldwell (1863) 3 B. & S. 826.
Tennants (Lancashire) Ltd. v. C. S. Wilson & Co. Ltd. (1917) A.C. 495.

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