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Article 3. Goods to be Manufactured, Services; "Goods"

TEXT OF ARTICLE 3

(1) Contracts for the supply of goods to be manufactured or produced are to be considered sales unless the party who orders the goods undertakes to supply a substantial part of the materials necessary for such manufacture or production.

(2) This Convention does not apply to contracts in which the preponderant part of the obligations of the party who furnishes the goods consists in the supply of labour or other services.


OUTLINE OF ISSUES

Reproduced with permission of UNCITRAL

3A Goods to be manufactured (art. 3(1))

3A1 Buyer supplies substantial part of necessary materials

3B Services preponderant part of obligation (art. 3(2))

3C "Sale of goods"

3C1 "Goods"; intangibles (see also art. 2(d))

3C2 Exchanges; barter

3C3 Undivided shares

3D Contract for construction of building

3E Other questions of scope


DESCRIPTORS

Scope of Convention ; Goods, definition of ; Materials supplied by buyer ; Services ; Installation services


CASE ANNOTATIONS: UNCITRAL DIGEST CASES PLUS ADDED CASES

UNCITRAL has identified relevant cases in Digests containing case annotations for each article of the CISG. UNCITRAL cites 33 cases in its Digest of Art. 3 case law:

Austria 2 Germany   10           Italy   1
Belgium   2           Hungary   1 Netherlands     2
France 3 ICC   3 Switzerland   9           TOTAL:    33

Presented below is a composite list of Art. 3 cases reporting UNCITRAL Digest cases and other Art. 3 cases. All cases are listed in chronological sequence, commencing with the most recent. Asterisks identify the UNCITRAL Digest cases, commencing with the 15 May 2002 citation reported below. Cases are coded to the UNCITRAL Thesaurus.

English texts and full-text English translations of cases are provided as indicated. In most instances researchers can also access UNCITRAL abstracts and link to Unilex abstracts and full-text original-language case texts sourced from Internet websites and other data, including commentaries by scholars to the extent available.

For a case annotated analysis of issues associated with Contracts for the Sale of Goods to Be Manufactured or Produced and Mixed Contracts (Article 3 CISG), go to CISG-AC Opinion no 4, dated 24 October 2004. Rapporteur: Professor Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Analysis endorsed by: Peter Schlechtriem (Chair, CISG-AC); Eric E. Bergsten, Michael Joachim Bonell, Alejandro M. Garro, Roy M. Goode, Sergei N. Lebedev, Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Jan Ramberg, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Hiroo Sono, Claude Witz (Members); Loukas A. Mistelis (Secretary).
 

Switzerland 18 May 2009 Bundesgericht [Federal Supreme Court] (Packaging machine case) [translation available]

Italy 16 February 2009 Tribunale di Forli [District Court] (Cisterns and accessories case) 3A ; 3C [translation available]

Netherlands 3 February 2009 Gerechtshof [Appellate Court] Leeuwarden (JPB Industrial Services B.V. v. Buchen Industrial Services N.V.) 3B [translation available]

Germany 14 January 2009 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] München
 

Switzerland 16 December 2008 Bundesgerichtshof [Supreme Court] (Laser microjet case) [translation available]

Italy 11 December 2008 Tribunale di Forli [District Court] (Mitias v. Solidea S.r.l.) [translation available]

Belgium 14 November 2008 Hof von beroep [Appellate Court] Ghent (Volmari Werner v. Isocab NV)

Netherlands 7 October 2008 Gerechtshof [Appellate Court] Arnhem (Arens Sondermachinen GmbH v. Smit Draad / Draad Nijmegen B.V.) [abstract available]

Switzerland 26 September 2008 Appellationsgericht [Appellate Court] Basel-Stadt (Packaging machine case) [translation available]

Germany 9 July 2008 Bundesgerichtshof [Federal Supreme Court] (Airbag parts case) 3B [translation available]

Germany 12 June 2008 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Karlsruhe (Remote indication device case) 3A [translation available]

Germany 12 June 2008 Landgericht [District Court] Landshut (Metalic slabs case) [translation available]

France 26 February 2008 Cour d'appel [Appellate Court] Colmar (Printed products case) 3B [translation available]

Spain 17 January 2008 Supreme Court (Used automobiles case) [translation available]
 

Germany 20 December 2007 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Oldenburg (Industrial tools case) [translation available]

Austria 18 December 2007 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Innsbruck (Steel bars case) 3B [translation available]

Austria 24 September 2007 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Linz (Laminated glass case) [translation available]

Switzerland 20 September 2007 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Aargau (Die-cutting tools case)

Switzerland 25 June 2007 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich (Printed materials case) [translation available]

Germany 11 June 2007 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Dresden (Airbag parts case) 3A ; 3B [translation available]
 

Switzerland 19 December 2006 Obergericht [Appellate Court] Zug (Stove case) 3B [translation available]

Switzerland 8 November 2006 Zivilgericht [Civil Court] Basel-Stadt (Packaging machine case) 3B [translation available]

Germany 23 October 2006 Landgericht [District Court] Bamberg (Plants case) [translation available]

United States 23 August 2006 Federal District Court [New York] (TeeVee Tunes v. Gerhard Schubert GmbH)

Belgium 28 June 2006 Rechtbank van Koophandel [District Court] Hasselt (Drukkerij Moderna NV v. IVA Groep BV)

Netherlands 28 June 2006 Rechtbank [District Court] Arnhem (Silicon Biomedical Instruments B.V. v. Erich Jaeger GmbH) 3C [translation available]

Germany 26 June 2006 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Frankfurt (Printed goods case) [translation available]

Switzerland 20 January 2006 Cour de Justice [Appellate Court] Genève (Paper products case) [translation available]

Italy 10 January 2006 Tribunale [District Court] Padova (Merry-go-rounds case) [translation available]
 

Austria 8 November 2005 Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court] 3B [translation available]

Netherlands 28 October 2005 Rechtbank [District Court] Arnhem

Belgium 14 September 2005 Rechtbank van Koophandel [District Court] Hasselt (Drukkerij Baillien en Maris NV v. Hunterskil Howard BV)

United States 16 August 2005 Federal District Court [Pennsylvania] (American Mint LLC v. GOSoftware, Inc.) 3C

Austria 21 June 2005 Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court] (Software case) 3C [translation available]

China 13 June 2005 CIETAC Arbitration Award [CISG 2005/12] (Industrial general equipment case) 3A1 [translation available]

Netherlands 17 May 2005 Netherlands Arbitration Institute (Machines case) 3B [English text]

United States 27 April 2005 U.S. District Court [Alabama] (Treibacher Industrie, A.G. v. TDY Industries, Inc.) 3C

United States 19 March 2005 Federal District Court [New York] (Genpharm Inc. v. Pliva-Lachena A.S.)

Switzerland 25 January 2005 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Aargau (Floor tiles case) [translation available]

Belgium 3 January 2005 Hof van Beroep [Appellate Court] Antwerpen 3B [translation available]
 

Germany 10 December 2004 Landgericht [District Court] Bayreuth (Tiles cases) [translation available]

Belgium 8 December 2004 Rechtbank van Koophandel [District Court] Hasselt

Belgium 24 November 2004 Hof van Beroep [Appellate Court] Ghent 3B [translation available]

Germany 6 July 2004 Bundesgerichtshof [Supreme Court]

Belgium 30 June 2004 Hof van beroep [Appellate Court] Ghent (Van Oers BV v. NV Turbo's Hoet Truckcenter Productie) [translation available]

France 30 June 2004 Cour de Cassation [Supreme Court] [translation available]

Russia 25 June 2004 Arbitration Award 120/2003 3C [translation available]

Russia 17 June 2004 Arbitration Award 186/2003 3C2 [translation available]

Austria 1 June 2004 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Wein 3B [detailed abstract available]

Germany 1 June 2004 Landgericht [District Court] Saarbrücken (Pallets case) [translation available]

Switzerland 29 April 2004 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] St. Gallen [translation available]

Austria 21 April 2004 Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court]

Ukraine 15 April 2004 Tribunal of International Commercial Arbitration, Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce & Trade 3C [translation available]

Austria 29 March 2004 Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court] [detailed abstract available]

Russia 9 March 2004 Arbitration Award 91/2003 3C2 [translation available]

Belgium 4 February 2004 Rechtbank van Koophandel [District Court] Hasselt

Germany 30 January 2004 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Düsseldorf [translation available]

Switzerland 27 January 2004 Kantonsgericht [District Court] Schaffhausen
 

France 18 December 2003 Cour d’appel [Appellate Court] Lyon 3B

Netherlands 16 December 2003 Gerechtshof [Appellate Court] 's-Hertogenbosch

Spain 11 November 2003 Audiencia Provincial [Appellate Court] Madrid

Belgium 29 October 2003 Hof van Beroep [Appellate Court] Gent 3B [translation available]

Switzerland 29 October 2003 Tribunale d’appello [Appellate Court] Lugano, Cantone del Ticino 3B [translation available]

Switzerland 24 October 2003 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich (Mattress case) [translation available]

ICC 15 September 2003 International Court of Arbitration, Case 11256 3A1

Spain 7 June 2003 Audiencia Provincial [Appellate Court] Valencia [translation available]

Belgium 26 May 2003 Rechtbank van Koophandel [Commercial Court] Hasselt (BV Europa-Koyo v. NV Tenneco Automotive Europe)

Serbia 9 May 2003 Foreign Trade Court of Arbitration, Yugoslav Chamber of Commerce (Equipment installation case) 3B [translation available]

United States 5 May 2003 U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals [9th Cir.] (Chateau des Charmes Wines v. Sabate USA)

Germany 25 March 2003 Landgericht [District Court] Köln [translation available]

Netherlands 29 January 2003 Rechtbank [District Court] Zwolle

Hungary 2003 Szegedi Itelotabla [Appellate Court] (Spray pump case) [translation available]
 

Germany 19 December 2002 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Karlsruhe 3A [translation available]

Switzerland 3 December 2002 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] St. Gallen [translation available]

Germany 25 November 2002 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Saarbrücken [translation available]

Switzerland 5 November 2002 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] des Kantons Aargau 3A [translation available]

Germany 29 October 2002 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Schleswig-Holstein (Stallion case) [translation available]

Italy 18 October 2002 Court Supremo di Cassazione [Supreme Court] (Janssen Cosmeceutical Care GmbH v. Munda Alberto)

Switzerland 9 July 2002 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich 3A ; 3B [translation available]

Germany 2 July 2002 Landgericht [District Court] Saarbrücken [translation available]

Germany 1 July 2002 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] München [translation available]

Italy 6 June 2002 Corte di Cassazione [Supreme Court] (Jazbinsek GmbH v. Piberplast S.p.A.) 3B

* Belgium 15 May 2002 Hof van Beroep [Appellate Court] Gent [translation available]

Germany 26 April 2002 Landgericht [District Court] Freiburg [translation available]

Austria 17 April 2002 Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court] [7 Ob 57/02w] 3B [translation available]

Switzerland 11 April 2002 Tribunal Cantonal [Appellate Court] Vaud (Clothes case) [translation available]

Belgium 10 April 2002 Rechtbank van Koophandel [District Court for Commercial Matters] Tongeren

Denmark 7 March 2002 Østre Landsret [Appellate Court] 3B

* Germany 27 February 2002 Landgericht [District Court] München [translation available]

Switzerland 25 February 2002 Kantonsgericht [District Court] Schaffhausen [translation available]

Belgium 15 January 2002 Tribunal de commerce [District Court] Namur [translation available]

Austria 14 January 2002 Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court] 3A [translation available]
 

Germany 21 December 2001 Landgericht [District Court] Hamburg (Natural stones case) [translation available]

Belgium 31 October 2001 Rechtbank [District Court] van Koophandel [for commercial matters] Hasselt

* Belgium 19 September 2001 Rechtbank van Koophandel [District Court] Hasselt 3B

France 14 June 2001 Cour d'appel [Appellate Court] Paris [translation available]

France 12 June 2001 Cour d’appel [Appellate Court] Colmar [translation available]

* Austria 18 April 2001 Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court]

* Germany 14 February 2001 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Saarbrücken 3A [translation available]

Italy 23 January 2001 Corte di Appello [Appellate Court] Milano

Germany 19 January 2001 Landgericht [District Court] Flensburg 3C [translation available]
 

Denmark 4 December 2000 Østre Landret [Appellate Court] København

Germany 16 November 2000 Landgericht [District Court] München 3B [translation available]

Switzerland 17 October 2000 Bundesgericht [Federal Supreme Court] [translation available]

Germany 13 September 2000 Landgericht [District Court] Memmingen (Plastic filter plate case) 3A1 [translation available]

Russia 30 May 2000 Arbitration Award No. 356/1999 3B [translation available]

Belgium 13 April 2000 Rechtbank van Koophandel [District Court]

Germany 28 February 2000 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Stuttgart [translation available]

Switzerland 17 February 2000 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich 3B [translation available]

ICC 2000 International Court of Arbitration, Case 9781 3A [English text]
 

Germany 3 December 1999 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] München 3A ; 3B [translation available]

* France 21 October 1999 Cour d'appel [Appellate Court] Grenoble[translation available]

Belgium 4 October 1999 Rechtbank van Koophandel [District Court] Hasselt 3B

ICC August 1999 International Court of Arbitration, Case 9083 3A ; 3B [translation available]

ICC August 1999 International Court of Arbitration, Case 9887 [English text]

Germany 25 May 1999 Landgericht [District Court] Berlin [translation available]

* Netherlands 27 April 1999 Gerechtshof [Appellate Court] Arnhem 3B [translation available]

* Switzerland 8 April 1999 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich 3B [translation available]

Switzerland 17 March 1999 Appellationshof [Appellate Court] Kantons Bern

* Switzerland 25 February 1999 Kantonsgericht [District Court] Zug 3B [translation available]

Switzerland 10 February 1999 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich 3A [translation available]

Switzerland 29 January 1999 Kreisgericht [Regional Court] Bern-Laupen
 

ICC December 1998 International Court of Arbitration, Case 8908 [English text]

* Germany 26 November 1998 Landgericht [District Court] Memmingen 3B [translation available]

* Switzerland 21 September 1998 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich (Catalogue case) [translation available]

United States 27 May 1998 U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals [2d Cir.] (Evolution Online Systems v. Koninklijke Nederland) 3B

* Germany 24 March 1998 Landgericht [District Court] Berlin (Knitwear case) [translation available]

Russia 5 March 1998 Arbitration award 8/1997 3E [translation available]
 

France 18 December 1997 Tribunal de commerce [District Court] Colmar 3A [translation available]

ICC December 1997 International Court of Arbitration, Case 8817 3B [translation available]

Netherlands 26 September 1997 Hoge Raad [Supreme Court]

* Germany 9 July 1997 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] München [7 U 2246/97] (Fitness equipment case) [translation available]

Hungary 1 July 1997 Fovárosi Bíróság [Metropolitan Court] [translation available]

Netherlands 16 April 1997 Arrondissementsrechtbank [District Court] 's Gravenhage

Switzerland 11 April 1997 Bezirksgericht [District Court] Unterrheintal

* Switzerland 8 January 1997 Obergericht [Appellate Court] Luzern [translation available]

Germany 8 January 1997 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Köln [translation available]

ICC 1997 International Court of Arbitration, Case 8855
 

Germany 4 December 1996 Bundesgerichtshof [Federal Supreme Court] [translation available]

Austria 25 October 1996 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Wien (Vienna) [3 R 174/96x]

Switzerland 10 July 1996 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich

Germany 26 March 1996 Landgericht [District Court] Saarbrücken 3A [translation available]

Hungary 19 March 1996 Fovárosi Bíróság [Metropolitan Court]

Germany 15 February 1996 Landgericht [District Court] Kassel [11 O 4185/95] (Marble slabs cases) [translation available]
 

* Hungary 5 December 1995 Budapest Arbitration award Vb 94131 3A [translation available]

Argentina 31 October 1995 Cámara Nacional de Apelaciones en lo Comercial [Appellate Court]

* Netherlands 9 October 1995 Gerechtshof [Appellate Court] 's Hertogenbosch

Germany 22 September 1995 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] München

* Switzerland 30 June 1995 Gerichtskommission [Judicial Commission] Oberrheintal (Sliding doors case) 3B [translation available]

* Italy 9 June 1995 Corte di Cassazione [Supreme Court] [translation available]

* France 26 April 1995 Cour d'appel [Appellate Court] Grenoble (Marques Roque v. Manin Riviére) 3B [translation available]

* Switzerland 26 April 1995 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich 3B [translation available]

Germany 15 February 1995 Bundesgerichtshof [Federal Supreme Court] [translation available]

Germany 15 February 1995 Landgericht [District Court] Oldenburg

* Germany 8 February 1995 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] München [7 U 3758/94] (Plastic granulate case) [translation available]

Germany 8 February 1995 Landgericht [District Court] München [translation available]

Germany 1 February 1995 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Oldenburg [translation available]
 

Germany 14 December 1994 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Hamburg

Netherlands 30 November 1994 Arrondissementsrechtbank [District Court] Middelburg

* Germany 9 November 1994 Landgericht [District Court] Oldenburg [translation available]

* Austria 27 October 1994 Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court] (Brushes and brooms case) 3A1 ; 3B [translation available]

* Germany 26 August 1994 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Köln 3A ; 3B [translation available]

Germany 14 July 1994 Landgericht [District Court] Kassel

Argentina 18 March 1994 Juzgado Nacional de Primera Instancia en lo Comercial [National Commercial Court of First Instance]

* ICC 1994 International Court of Arbitration, Case 7660 3A ; 3C [English text]

* ICC 1994 International Court of Arbitration, Case 7844
 

* Germany 1 December 1993 Landgericht [District Court] Memmingen 3A

Germany 18 November 1993 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Düsseldorf

Germany 17 September 1993 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Koblenz [translation available]

* Switzerland 9 September 1993 Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich (Furniture case) 3A [translation available]

Germany 2 July 1993 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Düsseldorf 3A [translation available]

* France 25 May 1993 Cour d'appel [Appellate Court] Chambéry 3A1

* Switzerland 7 May 1993 Richteramt [District Court] Laufen 3B [translation available]

Germany 13 January 1993 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Saarbrücken (Doors case) [translation available]
 

* Switzerland 21 December 1992 Zivilgericht [Civil Court] Basel [translation available]

Hungary 25 September 1992 Legfelsobb Bíróság [Supreme Court] 3A [translation available]

Germany 26 March 1992 Bundesgerichtshof [Federal Supreme Court] 3B

Hungary 10 January 1992 Fovárosi Bíróság [Metropolitan Court] 3A [translation available]

* ICC 1992 International Court of Arbitration, Case 7153 3C [translation available]
 

* Germany 17 September 1991 Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Frankfurt 3A [translation available]
 

Germany 24 April 1990 Amtsgericht [Lower Court] Oldenburg (Fashion textiles case) [translation available]


UNCITRAL CASE DIGEST

The UNCITRAL Digest of case law on the United
Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods
[*]

A/CN.9/SER.C/DIGEST/CISG/3 [8 June 2004]
Reproduced with the permission of UNCITRAL

[Text of Article 3
Digest of Article 3 case law
-    Contracts for the sale of goods to be manufactured or produced
-    Contracts for the delivery of labour and services]
ARTICLE 3

      (1) Contracts for the supply of goods to be manufactured or produced are to be considered sales unless the party who orders the goods undertakes to supply a substantial part of the materials necessary for such manufacture or production.  

      (2) This Convention does not apply to contracts in which the preponderant part of the obligations of the party who furnishes the goods consists in the supply of labour or other services.                       

DIGEST OF ARTICLE 3 CASE LAW

1. This provision extends the Convention's sphere of application to some contracts that include some act in addition to the supply of goods.[1]

Contracts for the sale of goods to be manufactured or produced

2. Paragraph (1) makes the Convention applicable to contracts for the sale of goods to be manufactured or produced,[2] thus making clear that the sale of these goods is as much subject to the provisions of the Convention as the sale of ready-made-goods.[3] The extension of the Convention's sphere of application is, however, limited in so far as paragraph (1) excludes that the contracts where the party who "buys" the goods to be manufactured or produced supplies a "substantial part" of the materials necessary for the manufacture or production of the goods can be considered a contract for the sale of goods.[4] The provision does not provide a specific criterion to be used in determining when the materials supplied by the buyer constitute a "substantial part" of the goods necessary to manufacture or produce the goods. One decision is based upon the idea that a purely quantitative criterion should be used to determine whether the goods delivered by the "buyer" constitute a "substantial part" of those necessary for the production and manufacture of the goods.[5]

3. A different -- albeit related -- issue is that of whether the buyer's supply of instructions, design specifications, etc., compares to the buyer's supply of "material necessary" for the manufacture or production of the goods which leads to the contract‘s exclusion from the Convention's sphere of application. In one case, a court held that the Convention was inapplicable, on the grounds of article 3(1), to a contract according to which the seller had to manufacture goods according to the buyer's design specifications.[6] The court considered the plans and instructions handed to the "seller" by the "buyer" as being a "substantial part of the material necessary" for the production of the goods. Other courts have found that specifications are not considered "material necessary for the manufacture or production of goods."[7]

Contracts for the delivery of labour and services

4. Article 3(2) extends the Convention's sphere of application to also cover contracts pursuant to which the seller undertakes to supply labour or other services alongside the obligations to deliver the goods, transfer the property and hand over the documents,[8] as long as the supply of labour or services does not constitute the "preponderant part" of the seller's obligation.[9] In order to determine whether the obligations of the seller consist preponderantly in the supply of labour or services, a comparison has to be made between the economic value of the obligations regarding the supply of labour and services and the economic value of the obligations regarding the goods,[10] as if two separate contracts have been made.[11] Thus, where the obligation regarding the supply of labour or services amounts to more than 50% of the obligations of the "seller", the Convention is inapplicable. It is on this basis that a  court decided that a contract asking for a market study did not fall under the Convention's sphere of application.[12] On the other hand, a contract for the dismantling and sale of a second-hand hangar was considered to fall within the Convention's sphere of application on the grounds that the value of the dismantling amounted only to 25% of the total value of the contract.[13]

5. One court stated that -- as a clear calculation would not always be possible -- other circumstances such as those surrounding the conclusion of the contract as well as the purpose of the contract should also be taken into account in evaluating whether the obligation to supply labour or services is preponderant.[14] Another court referred to the essential purpose of the contract as a criterion to determine whether the Convention was applicable or had to be disregarded.[15]


FOOTNOTES

* The present text was prepared using the full text of the decisions cited in the Case Law on UNCITRAL Texts (CLOUT) abstracts and other citations listed in the footnotes. The abstracts are intended to serve only as summaries of the underlying decisions and may not reflect all the points made in the digest. Readers are advised to consult the full texts of the listed court and arbitral decisions rather than relying solely on the CLOUT abstracts.

[Citations to cisgw3 case presentations have been substituted [in brackets] for the case citations provided in the UNCITRAL Digest. This substitution has been made to facilitate online access to CLOUT abstracts, original texts of court and arbitral decisions, and full text English translations of these texts (available in most but not all cases). For citations UNCITRAL had used, go to <http://www.uncitral.org/english/clout/digest_cisg_e.htm>.]

1. See also United Nations Conference on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Vienna, 10 March - 11 April 1980, Official Records, Documents of the Conference and Summary Records of the Plenary Meetings and of the Meetings of the Main Committee, 1981, 16.

2. See [BELGIUM Hof van Beroep [Appellate Court] Gent 15 May 2003, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/030515b1.html>]; [AUSTRIA Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court] 18 April 2001, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/010418a3.html>]; [GERMANY Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Saarbrücken 14 February 2001, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/010214g1.html>]; [GERMANY Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Stuttgart 28 February 2000, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/000228g1.html>]; CLOUT case No. 325 [SWITZERLAND Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich 8 April 1999, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/990408s1.html>]; CLOUT case No. 331 [SWITZERLAND Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] 10 February 1999, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/990210s1.html>]; CLOUT case No. 253 [SWITZERLAND Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] 21 September 1998, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/980921s1.html>] (see full text of the decision); CLOUT case No. 337 [GERMANY Landgericht [District Court] Saarbrücken 26 March 1996, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/960326g1.html>]; CLOUT case No. 164 [HUNGARY Budapest Arbitration award, case No. Vb 94131 of 5 December 1995, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/951205h1.html>]; [NETHERLANDS Gerechtshof [Appellate Court] 's Hertogenbosch 9 October 1995, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/951009n1.html>]; [GERMANY Landgericht [District Court] Oldenburg 9 November 1994, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/941109g1.html>]; CLOUT case No. 167 [GERMANY Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] München, case No. 7 U 3758/94 of 8 February 1995, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/950208g2.html>] (see full text of decision); CLOUT case No. 262 [SWITZERLAND Gerichtskommission Oberheintal 30 June 1995, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/950630s1.html>]; [GERMANY Landgericht [District Court] Memmingen 1 December 1993, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/931201g1.html>]; [ICC Court of Arbitration, case No. 7660 of 1994, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/947660i1.html>]; [ICC Court of Arbitration, case No. 7844 of 1994, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/947844i1.html>]; CLOUT case No. 97 [SWITZERLAND Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich 9 September 1993, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/930909s1.html>]; CLOUT case No. 95 [SWITZERLAND Zivilgericht [Civil Court] Basel 21 December 1992, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/921221s1.html>] (see full text of decision).

3. See also United Nations Conference on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Vienna, 10 March - 11 April 1980, Official Records, Documents of the Conference and Summary Records of the Plenary Meetings and of the Meetings of the Main Committee, 1981, 17.

4. For the applicability of the CISG in cases where reference was made to article 3(1), but where the courts stated that the "substantial part of the materials necessary" was provided by the seller, see [GERMANY Landgericht [District Court] München 27 February 2002, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/020227g1.html>] ; CLOUT case No. 313 [FRANCE Cour d'appel [Appellate Court] Grenoble 21 October 1999, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/991021f1.html>] ; [GERMANY Landgericht [District Court] Berlin 24 March 1998, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/980324g1.html>].

5. See CLOUT case No. 164 [HUNGARY Budapest Arbitration award, case No. Vb 94131 of 5 December 1995, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/951205h1.html>] (see full text of decision).

6. See CLOUT case No. 157 [FRANCE Cour d'appel [Appellate Court] Chambéry 25 May 1993, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/930525f1.html>].

7. See CLOUT case No. 331 [SWITZERLAND Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich 10 February 1999, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/990210s1.html>] (see full text of decision); CLOUT case No. 2 [GERMANY Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] 17 September 1991, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/910917g1.html>] (see full text of the decision).

8. For a definition of the contract for the sale of goods under the Convention, see the text of the Digest relating to art. 1.

9. See [NETHERLANDS Gerechtshof [Appellate Court] Arnhem 27 April 1999, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/990427n1.html>] ; CLOUT case No. 327 [SWITZERLAND Kantonsgericht [District Court] Zug 25 February 1999, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/990225s1.html>] ; CLOUT case No. 287 [GERMANY Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] München 9 July 1997, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/970709g1.html>] (see full text of the decision); CLOUT case No. 192 [SWITZERLAND Obergericht [Appellate Court] Luzern 8 January 1997, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/970108s1.html>] ; CLOUT case No. 196 [SWITZERLAND Handelsgericht [Commercial Court] Zürich 26 April 1995, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/950426s1.html>] ; CLOUT case No. 152 [FRANCE Cour d'appel [Appellate Court] Grenoble 26 April 1995, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/950426f2.html>] ; CLOUT case No. 105 [AUSTRIA Oberster Gerichtshof [Supreme Court] 27 October 1994, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/941027a3.html>] ; CLOUT case No. 201 [SWITZERLAND Richteramt [District Court] Laufen 7 May 1993, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/930507s1.html>] ; for a decision in which article 3(2) was mentioned, but in which the court did not solve the issue of whether the contract was one for the sale of goods or one for the supply of labour and services see [BELGIUM Rechtbank van Koophandel [District Court] Hasselt 19 September 2001, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/010919b1.html>].

10. See CLOUT case No. 327 [SWITZERLAND Kantonsgericht [District Court] Zug 25 February 1999, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/990225s1.html>].

11. For an implicit affirmation of the principle referred to in the text, see CLOUT case No. 26 [ICC Court of Arbitration, case No. 7153 of 1992, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/927153i1.html>].

12. See CLOUT case No. 122 [GERMANY Oberlandesgericht [Appellate Court] Köln 26 August 1994, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/940826g1.html>].

13. See CLOUT case No. 152 [FRANCE Cour d'appel [Appellate Court] Grenoble 26 April 1995, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/950426f2.html>] (see full text of the decision).

14. See CLOUT case No. 346 [GERMANY Landgericht [District Court] Mainz 26 November 1998, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/981126g1.html>].

15. See [ITALY Corte Suprema di Cassazione [Supreme Court] 9 June 1995, available online at <http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/950609i3.html>].


Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated October 7, 2009
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