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Report to the Uniform Law Conference of Canada on Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

Professor Jacob S. Ziegel, University of Toronto
July 1981

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Article 77

A party who relies on a breach of contract must take such measures as are reasonable in the circumstances to mitigate the loss, including loss of profit, resulting from the breach. If he fails to take such measures, the party in breach may claim a reduction in the damages in the amount by which the loss should have been mitigated.


The parameters of the duty to mitigate under art. 77 are not clear. Presumbly it does not affect the aggrieved party's right to seek specific performance or his right to avoid the contract where a fundamental breach has occurred. Presumably too the greater particularity will have to be supplied in the light of the overall structure of the Convention, the general principles on which it is based (art. 7), and the duty of good faith.

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Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated April 23, 1999

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