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Belgium 2 May 1995 District Court Hasselt (Vital Berry Marketing v. Dira-Frost)
[Cite as: http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/950502b1.html]

Primary source(s) for case presentation: CISG-Belgium database of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

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Case identification

DATE OF DECISION: 19950502 (2 May 1995)


TRIBUNAL: Rechtbank [District Court] van Koophandel Hasselt

JUDGE(S): C. Beerten [presiding]; H. Leroi, P. Baert (rechters in handelszaken); W. Bours (griffier)

CASE NUMBER/DOCKET NUMBER: A.R. 1849/94, 4205/94

CASE NAME: Vital Berry Marketing NV v. Dira-Frost NV

CASE HISTORY: Unavailable

SELLER'S COUNTRY: Chile (plaintiff)

BUYER'S COUNTRY: Belgium (defendant)

GOODS INVOLVED: Frozen raspberries

Case outline

Reproduced with permission from CISG-Belgium database of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Choice of law by parties before the court for application of CISG

Modification of contract by parties - Article 29 CISG - Oral modification - Not possible due to declaration based on article 96 CISG - Declaration made by Chile

Exemption for non-performance - Article 79 CISG - Sharp drop in market price - No force majeure

Avoidance of contract - Possibility to obtain damages as well

Right to claim damages - Article 74 CISG - Evidences of damage not submitted by plaintiff - Amount of lost profits - Damages calculated ex aequo et bono

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Classification of issues present

APPLICATION OF CISG: Yes [choice of law by parties before the court]


Key CISG provisions at issue: Articles 12 ; 74 ; 79 ; 96 [Also cited: Articles 29 ; 53 ; 78 ] [Also relevant: Article 11 ]

Classification of issues using UNCITRAL classification code numbers:

12A [Declaration by State preserving domestic formal requirements: effect of reservation under article 96 rejecting article 11 (applicable domestic Statute of Frauds in effect)];

74A [Damages (general rules for measuring): loss suffered as consequence of breach (includes lost profits, cost of storage of goods)];

79B [Impediments excusing party from damages: does not include significant drop in market price of goods after conclusion of contract]

Descriptors: Applicability ; Choice of law ; Formal requirements ; Declaration, Art. 96 ; Damages ; Exemptions or impediments

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Editorial remarks

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Citations to case abstracts, texts, and commentaries


(a) UNCITRAL abstract: Unavailable

(b) Other abstracts

English: Unilex database <http://www.unilex.info/case.cfm?pid=1&do=case&id=263&step=Abstract>


Original language (Dutch): CISG-Belgium database of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven <http://www.law.kuleuven.ac.be/ipr/eng/cases/1995-05-02.html>; Rechtskundig Weekblad (1995-96) no. 40, 1378-1379; Unilex database <http://www.unilex.info/case.cfm?pid=1&do=case&id=263&step=FullText>

Translation: Unavailable


Dutch: Erauw, [1998] Tijdschrift voor Privaatrecht (TvP 35) 1369 [1515 No. 257, 1519 No. 261, 1520 No. 262, 1524 No. 266]

English: Honnold, Uniform Law for International Sales (1999) 140 [Art. 12], 232 [Art. 29 (effect of oral modification under Arts. 12/96]; van Houtte, 26 International Bus. Law. (1996) 331 [332 n.4]; Bernstein & Lookofsky, Understanding the CISG in Europe, 2d ed., Kluwer (2003) §: 6-19 n.250; §: 6-26 n.313; §: 6-32 n.369; Larry A. DiMatteo et al., 34 Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business (Winter 2004) 299-440 at nn.154, 507; [2004] S.A. Kruisinga, (Non-)conformity in the 1980 UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: a uniform concept?, Intersentia at 136; Article 78 and rate of interest: Mazzotta, Endless disagreement among commentators, much less among courts (2004) [citing this case and 275 other court and arbitral rulings]; [2005] Schlechtriem & Schwenzer ed., Commentary on UN Convention on International Sale of Goods, 2d (English) ed., Oxford University Press, Art. 12 para. 2 Art. 29 para. 2 Art. 74 para. 53 Art. 79 para. 30 Art. 96 para. 3

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Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law - Last updated August 5, 2005
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